The Ultimate Guide to Alpaca Guinea Pigs: Care, Tips, and Facts

Alpaca Guinea Pigs

In the world of guinea pigs, Alpaca Guinea Pigs stand out due to their resemblance to their larger namesake, the alpaca. Their curly, dense fur and gentle disposition make them a popular choice among pet owners.

As you delve deeper into understanding the care and keeping of these special animals, you’ll gain valuable insights into their behavior, grooming needs, diet, and health.

Alpaca Guinea Pigs, an exciting and unique option for pet lovers, offer a delightful alternative to the traditional guinea pig.

With their fluffy fur and curious personalities, these small creatures make wonderful companions.

As you embark on your journey of learning about Alpaca Guinea Pigs, this ultimate guide will provide you with essential information to ensure both you and your pet thrive together.

Table of Contents

Alpaca Guinea Pigs Overview

History and Background

Alpaca Guinea Pigs, also known as curly-haired guinea pigs, are a unique breed with a fascinating history.

They are descended from the wild guinea pigs found in South America, where they were domesticated thousands of years ago. In this region, guinea pigs have played a significant role in the culture of indigenous communities, alongside other Andean animals such as alpacas.

One remarkable aspect of Alpaca Guinea Pigs is their distinctive curly fur. This sets them apart from other guinea pig breeds. Their fur is not only visually appealing, but it also provides them with natural insulation against cooler temperatures. However, this beautiful coat requires diligent care and regular grooming to keep it healthy and tangle-free.

Now that you know a bit about the history and background of these adorable creatures, you’re well-equipped to provide the best possible care for your Alpaca Guinea Pig. Remember, their unique history and features make them special pets deserving your attention and love.

Physical Characteristics

Alpaca Guinea Pigs are known for their curly and long coats, which set them apart from other guinea pig breeds. Their fur is not only soft, but it also grows in a unique wave-like pattern, giving them a distinctive appearance. To keep their coats looking fabulous, you’ll need to groom them regularly to prevent knots and tangles.


In terms of size, Alpaca Guinea Pigs are typically around the same size as other guinea pig breeds. They grow to be approximately 8-12 inches long. Weight-wise, you can expect them to range between 1.5-3 pounds, depending on their individual genetics and diet.


Alpaca Guinea Pigs come in a variety of colors, ranging from classic shades like white, black, and brown, to more unusual combinations such as roan and tortoiseshell. This wide array of colors adds to their charming appeal and makes each Alpaca Guinea Pig unique.


The lifespan of Alpaca Guinea Pigs, like any other guinea pig breed, greatly depends on the quality of care they receive, their genetics, and their overall health. On average, these furry friends live for 5-7 years, but with proper care and attention, they can live even longer.

Here’s a summary of the Alpaca Guinea Pig’s physical characteristics:

Size8-12 inches
Weight1.5-3 pounds
Coat TypesCurly and long
ColorVarious shades
Lifespan5-7 years

Personality Overview

Alpaca guinea pigs, as their name suggests, have a unique and adorable appearance similar to alpacas. When it comes to their personality, you’ll find these little creatures to be charming and full of character.


You may observe that Alpaca guinea pigs are generally friendly and social animals. They enjoy the company of both humans and fellow guinea pigs. It is important for you to create an environment where they can interact and play with their peers as this helps in developing a well-rounded personality.


Additionally, Alpaca guinea pigs are intelligent creatures. They can be quite curious and may explore their surroundings actively.

Providing them with toys, hiding spots, and puzzles will help keep their minds stimulated. These small pets are quite responsive and can even be trained to perform simple tricks with positive reinforcement.

TraitAlpaca Guinea Pig
SheddingLow to Moderate

Comparison to Other Breeds

guinea pig breeds

When comparing alpaca guinea pigs to other breeds, you will notice that they have some unique characteristics that set them apart.

Unique Fur

One of the main differences is their fur. Alpaca guinea pigs have long, curly hair that requires more maintenance compared to other guinea pig breeds with shorter hair, like the American guinea pig and teddy guinea pig.

Larger Size

In terms of size, alpaca guinea pigs are relatively large, reaching weights of around 2 to 3 pounds. They are generally bigger than other guinea pig breeds, such as the Abyssinian, and Baldwin guinea pigs which typically weigh around 1.5 to 2.5 pounds.


Another thing to consider is the diet of an alpaca guinea pig. Like all guinea pig breeds, they need a balanced diet of pellet food, fresh vegetables, and hay to keep them healthy. However, due to their larger size, they may require slightly more food and a slightly larger living space than other breeds.

Diet and Nutrition

Taking care of your alpaca guinea pig’s diet and nutrition is essential for maintaining their health and well-being. As a responsible owner, you should provide a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrients.


Start by offering hay as the foundation of their diet. Hay is an excellent source of fiber, which helps keep their digestive system in good working order. Fresh, clean water should always be available for your little friend.

Commercial Guinea Pig Pellets

Introduce pellets specifically made for guinea pigs into their diet. These pellets are often fortified with essential nutrients such as vitamin C, which guinea pigs need, but cannot produce naturally on their own. Aim to offer around 1/8 cup of pellets per day.

Fruits and Veggies

Don’t forget to include a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables. Guinea pigs love leafy greens like kale, spinach, and parsley. You can also give them small amounts of fruits like apples, pears, and berries occasionally as a treat.

Here is an example of a Weekly Meal Plan for your alpaca guinea pig:

DayHayPelletsFresh GreensTreats
MondayUnlimited1/8 cupKale, Romaine LettuceSliced apple
TuesdayUnlimited1/8 cupSpinach, Bell PepperBlueberries
WednesdayUnlimited1/8 cupParsley, CucumberSliced pear
ThursdayUnlimited1/8 cupCabbage, CarrotFew Strawberries
FridayUnlimited1/8 cupSwiss Chard, CeleryBanana slice
SaturdayUnlimited1/8 cupBroccoli, ZucchiniRaspberries
SundayUnlimited1/8 cupBok Choy, TomatoKiwi slice

Alpaca Guinea Pig Care

Grooming – Brushing and Haircuts

Caring for your Alpaca Guinea Pig’s coat is essential to keep them healthy and happy. Brush their hair regularly with a soft-bristle brush to prevent tangles and matting. Since Alpaca Guinea Pigs have long hair, it’s crucial to trim their hair every couple of months, especially around the rear area, to keep it clean and hygienic.


Alpaca Guinea Pigs don’t need frequent baths, but when you do decide to bathe them, make sure to use a gentle shampoo specifically designed for small animals.

Fill a small tub or sink with just a few inches of lukewarm water, gently scrub your pet, and rinse them thoroughly. Be sure to keep its head above water and avoid getting water in its ears and eyes.

Nail Clipping

Trimming your Alpaca Guinea Pig’s nails is essential for their overall health and comfort. Overgrown nails can make it difficult for them to walk and may even lead to infection.

To clip their nails, use small animal nail clippers and be cautious not to cut the quick, which is the pink part inside the nail containing blood vessels and nerves.

Dental Care

Alpaca Guinea Pigs, like all guinea pigs, have continuously growing teeth that need proper care. Provide your pet with a variety of chew toys and hay to help wear down their teeth naturally. Regularly check their teeth for any signs of overgrowth or misalignment, and consult a veterinarian if you notice any problems.


Regularly inspect your Alpaca Guinea Pig’s ears to ensure they are clean and free from debris or buildup. Use a soft, damp cloth to gently clean the outer part of their ears when necessary.

Avoid using cotton swabs, as they may inadvertently push debris further into the ear canal. If you notice any signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, or discharge, consult your veterinarian.

Handling and Socialization

When it comes to handling your alpaca guinea pigs, the key is to be gentle and patient. Start by holding your guinea pig frequently so that they can learn to trust you. Keep in mind that handling young guinea pigs is crucial to socializing them with humans.

Picking Up Your Alpaca

When picking up your guinea pig, make sure to support its entire body, especially its hind legs. Scoop them up with one hand, and then use your other hand to support their bottom. This will help prevent injury and make your guinea pig feel more secure. Always avoid picking them up by their shoulders or neck, as this can cause pain and distress.

Calm Environment

Try to create a calm environment when handling your guinea pig, and avoid loud noises or sudden movements. Speak softly and use gentle strokes to build trust and make them feel more comfortable.

Socializing With Other Animals

Socialization is an essential aspect of keeping alpaca guinea pigs happy and healthy. Introducing them to new people, animals, and experiences will help to build their confidence and reduce their stress levels.

Remember that guinea pigs are social creatures, so it’s essential to provide ample opportunities for them to interact with others. This may include playdates with other guinea pigs, supervised interactions with other family pets, or simply spending quality time with you.

Mental Stimulation

It’s also a good idea to provide your guinea pig with a variety of toys and activities to keep them engaged and mentally stimulated. A combination of physical exercise and mental stimulation will contribute to their overall well-being.

Common Health Issues in Alpaca Guinea Pigs

Vitamin C Deficiency (Scurvy)

Just like humans, your Alpaca guinea pig cannot produce vitamin C on their own, which makes it essential to provide a diet rich in this nutrient.

A lack of vitamin C can lead to scurvy, causing symptoms like lethargy, weakness, and swollen joints. Ensure your little friend gets enough vitamin C through their diet or supplements to maintain their health.

Urinary Problems

Urinary issues, such as bladder stones and urinary tract infections, are common in Alpaca guinea pigs.

To help prevent these problems, provide fresh water daily and a diet low in calcium. Keep an eye on their urinary habits, and if you notice any changes or discomfort, consult your veterinarian.

Pododermatitis (Bumblefoot)

Bumblefoot, or pododermatitis, is a painful condition that affects your guinea pig’s feet.

The key to preventing this problem is maintaining a clean and dry living environment. It’s essential to choose proper bedding and clean their cage regularly. Keep an eye on their feet for redness, swelling, or signs of infection, and contact your vet if needed.

Respiratory Infections

Alpaca guinea pigs are prone to respiratory infections caused by bacteria, such as Bordetella and Streptococcus.

Good hygiene, proper airflow, and avoiding drafts in their living area can significantly reduce the risk of infections. Monitor your guinea pig for any signs of respiratory distress or nose discharge and consult your vet if you notice anything unusual.


Diarrhea can be a serious health issue for your Alpaca guinea pig, often caused by a sudden change in diet or an underlying illness.

Maintain a consistent diet, provide fresh water, and closely observe your guinea pig’s bowel movements. In case of diarrhea, seek veterinary attention as it can lead to severe dehydration.

Mites Infestation

Mites are a common problem in guinea pigs, causing itching, hair loss, and skin irritation. Regularly inspect your pet for any signs of mites and maintain a clean environment to help prevent infestations. If you suspect your pet has mites, consult your veterinarian for appropriate treatment.

By staying vigilant and addressing these common health issues, you’ll be taking great care of your Alpaca guinea pig, ensuring they remain healthy and happy.

Breeding Alpaca Guinea Pigs

Considerations and Preparation

Before getting started with breeding Alpaca Guinea Pigs, it is essential to understand their unique needs.

Make sure you have a suitable environment and ample space for the breeding pair and their offspring. Provide them with a clean and comfortable habitat, including proper bedding, nesting materials, and separate areas for feeding and playing.

It’s also crucial to choose healthy adult Alpaca guinea pigs for breeding. Both the male and female should be at least 4 months old, which is when they typically reach sexual maturity. Learn about their genetic background to avoid inbreeding and monitor their general health and temperament.

Also Read: Breeding Guinea Pigs – Tips for Success

Mating Process

When introducing the mating pair, start by observing their initial interactions to ensure compatibility. If necessary, separate them for a short period and reintroduce them under constant supervision. Always be cautious and prepared to intervene if any aggression or excessive mounting occurs.

Alpaca guinea pigs have a relatively short gestation period of around 59-72 days. To maximize the chances of successful breeding, consider tracking the female’s estrous cycle and introduce the male during the estrous period, which typically lasts 12-14 hours.

Post-Birth Care

After the babies are born, carefully monitor the mother and her litter. Ensure she is nursing and caring for her offspring. Provide additional nutrients, such as alfalfa hay and extra vegetables, to support her nursing needs.

Typically, the Alpaca guinea pig pups will require weaning between 2-3 weeks of age. At this point, gradually transition them to solid food, including hay, pellets, and vegetables. Keep an eye on their weight gain and overall health throughout the process. By six weeks of age, they should be able to eat a full adult diet.

Finally, separation of male and female siblings should be performed around 4-6 weeks of age to avoid unintentional breeding. Keep monitoring their health and development, and don’t forget to provide quality care and attention to both the parents and offspring.

Housing and Cage Size

When it comes to providing a comfortable home for your alpaca guinea pig, choosing the right size cage is essential. A suitable enclosure should be spacious, well-ventilated, and easy to keep clean.

Cage Size

Aim for a minimum cage size of 7.5 square feet (0.7 square meters) for a single alpaca guinea pig, and 10.5 square feet (1 square meter) for a pair. Remember, larger is always better, so if you can provide more space, your furry friend will appreciate it! Ensure the cage has a solid floor, as wire-bottomed cages can hurt their delicate feet.


To make the cage comfortable and safe, provide a hiding place, like a small wooden house or a tunnel, so your alpaca guinea pig has a place to retreat when they feel the need. This helps reduce stress and creates a more secure environment.

Location of the Cage

Keep the cage in a quiet, low-traffic area of your home where the temperature is stable. Protect your pet from drafts or sudden temperature changes, which could cause health issues. Ideal temperature range for alpaca guinea pigs is between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit (18 to 24 degrees Celsius).


Bedding is an important part of your guinea pig’s home. Opt for absorbent materials such as paper-based products or wood shavings (avoid cedar and pine, as the aromatic oils can be harmful). Change the bedding at least once a week to maintain a clean and fresh environment.

Toys and Accessories

Finally, don’t forget to provide your alpaca guinea pig with various toys and accessories to encourage stimulation and exercise. This can include items such as chew toys, climbing platforms, and tubes for burrowing.

Healthcare for Alpaca Guinea Pig

Familiarize yourself with local veterinarians that have experience with small animals, particularly guinea pigs. Regular health check-ups, nail trims, and dental care are essential to maintaining your alpaca guinea pig’s well-being.

Keeping these essentials in mind, you’ll be well on your way to providing a happy and healthy environment for your alpaca guinea pigs. Remember to do regular research and consult professionals when necessary, as they’ll serve as valuable resources in your journey with these adorable animals.

Optional Supply List

As an alpaca guinea pig owner, you’ll want to ensure your pets have the best environment possible. In addition to essential supplies like food and water dishes, a habitat, and quality bedding, the following optional items can enhance the well-being and enjoyment of your alpaca guinea pigs.

Hay Rack

A hay rack can keep your guinea pig’s hay supply clean and easily accessible. These attach to the side of the cage, and offering a convenient way for your pets to nibble on fresh hay throughout the day.


Alpaca guinea pigs have long, curly hair that can become tangled or matted. Regular grooming with a soft brush can help maintain their coats and prevent any issues. Grooming is also an excellent opportunity for bonding with your pets.

Vitamin C Supplement

While alpaca guinea pigs should receive most of their nutrients from a balanced diet, providing a Vitamin C supplement can help ensure they get enough. Guinea pigs cannot produce their vitamin C, so it’s essential that it is provided through diet or supplementary sources.

Remember, these items are optional, and the most crucial aspect of caring for your alpaca guinea pigs is ensuring they have a clean, comfortable, and safe living environment. By providing the basics and considering some of these additional supplies, you’ll be well on your way to creating a nurturing home for your pets.

Where to Get Alpaca Guinea Pigs

Alpaca guinea pigs are unique and delightful pets that many people love to own. In this section, we will discuss where you can find alpaca guinea pigs for purchase or adoption, whether through online or offline stores.

Buying Your Guinea Pig – Online and Offline Stores

Online Stores

There are various websites and platforms that sell alpaca guinea pigs. Shop from reputable breeders and stores to ensure that you are getting a healthy and well-cared-for pet. Some popular sites include specialized breeders’ websites or pet classifieds. It’s important to do your research and read reviews before making any purchase.

Offline Stores

You can also find alpaca guinea pigs at local pet stores, animal expos, and breeders in your area. It is always best to visit the store or breeder in person to get a feel for the environment in which the guinea pigs are being raised and to check their overall health.

Remember to ask questions about the alpaca guinea pigs’ care and any concerns you may have. Also, consider checking local newspapers and community boards for ads from trusted sellers.


Rescue Centers

Many animal rescue centers and shelters have guinea pigs available for adoption, including alpaca guinea pigs.

Adopting a rescue center is a great way to provide a loving home to an animal in need. To find a rescue organization near you, search online or use local animal-related social media groups to find recommendations.

Private Adoptions

Sometimes, alpaca guinea pig owners need to rehome their pets due to various circumstances, such as relocation, allergies, or not having enough time to properly care for them. In these situations, private adoptions can be an excellent alternative to purchasing from a store or breeder.

Look for local ads or posts on social media platforms where people may be seeking new homes for their pets. Always ensure you meet the owner and the guinea pig in person before committing and ask questions about the animal’s history and care.

Quick Care Reference Table

Here is a quick care reference table outlining your daily, weekly, and monthly responsibilities.

FrequencyCare Tasks
DailyProvide fresh water
Feed hay and pellets
Spot-clean the cage
WeeklyClean and disinfect the cage
Check and trim nails if needed
Groom the fur, especially if long-haired
MonthlyWeigh your guinea pig and monitor its health
Vet check-up (every 6 months or annually)

Providing Fresh Water

Remember to provide fresh water for your Alpaca Guinea Pig every day. A water bottle is a convenient way to keep their water clean and readily available. Alongside water, make sure to feed your pet a mix of hay and guinea pig pellets daily. Hay is critical for their digestive health, while pellets provide essential nutrients.

Cleaning the Cage

Spot-cleaning your guinea pig’s cage is another important daily task. Remove any soiled bedding or food waste to help maintain a clean environment. Weekly, you’ll want to fully clean and disinfect the cage, replacing old bedding with fresh, clean materials to prevent bacterial growth and odor.


Do Alpaca Guinea Pigs Get Along With Other Guinea Pigs Breeds?

Yes, Alpaca Guinea Pigs generally get along well with other guinea pig breeds provided they have adequate space and are introduced to each other gradually. Be mindful of the personalities of individual guinea pigs, as some may be more territorial or aggressive.

Do Alpaca Guinea Pigs Get Along With Other Pets?

Alpaca Guinea Pigs can coexist with other pets, such as rabbits or cats, but it is essential to supervise any interactions between them as accidents can happen. Always observe your pets’ behaviors and intervene if any sign of conflict or stress emerges.

How Much Does It Cost to Buy an Alpaca Guinea Pig?

The price of an Alpaca Guinea Pig varies depending on factors like age, location, and breed quality. Expect to pay anywhere between $30 to $80 for a healthy specimen. Keep in mind that additional costs like cages, food, and vet visits should also be considered when budgeting for a new pet.

How Long Do Alpaca Guinea Pigs Live?

Alpaca Guinea Pigs have an average lifespan of 4 to 8 years. Their longevity can be influenced by factors such as genetics, diet, and consistent veterinary care. Providing them with a comfortable and stimulating living environment also contributes to a happy and healthy life.

Are Alpaca Guinea Pigs Easy Pets?

Yes, Alpaca Guinea Pigs are relatively low-maintenance pets. They need a clean and spacious cage, fresh water, and a diet consisting mainly of hay, pellets, and fresh vegetables. Regular grooming is essential due to their long hair but the overall care is manageable for most people.

Are Alpaca Guinea Pigs Better for Indoor or Outdoor?

Alpaca Guinea Pigs can thrive both indoors and outdoors. If kept outdoors, ensure they have a weatherproof and predator-proof enclosure. Indoor habitats offer them a stable environment and can facilitate closer bonding with their owners.

Are Alpaca Guinea Pigs Carnivores, Herbivores, or Omnivores?

Alpaca Guinea Pigs are herbivores, relying on plant-based sources for sustenance. Their diet should consist predominantly of hay, which aids in digestion and dental health. Supplement with guinea pig pellets and fresh vegetables for a balanced diet.

Are Alpaca Guinea Pigs Rare?

Alpaca Guinea Pigs are not as common as other guinea pig breeds but can be found through specialized breeders or online forums. Patience may be required when searching for an Alpaca Guinea Pig, and be prepared to travel to find the right pet.

Do Alpaca Guinea Pigs Bite?

While Alpaca Guinea Pigs are generally docile, they may bite if frightened or stressed. Proper handling and socialization can reduce the likelihood of biting. If bitten, treat the wound with mild soap and water, and consult a medical professional if necessary.

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